K

Kata cold front / Katafront or Katabatic front

Front, almost always a cold one, in which the warm air descends the frontal surface, except maybe in the lower levels.

Kelvin / Kelvin Temperature Scale

Thermodynamic scale of temperature in which 0 degrees is the point at which all molecular motion ceases (absolute zero), equivalent to -459.7° F and -273.15° C.

Kilopascal

Internationally recognized unit for measuring atmospheric pressure. One kilopascal equals 10 millibars.

Köppen’s geographical system of climates

Worldwide climate classification system in which each climate zone is characterized by annual and monthly means of temperature and precipitation, taking also into consideration vegetation limits. It presents the world pattern of climate and it is a tool for identifying deviations from this pattern.