Airflow Patterns (general circulation of winds aloft)

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The air moving above the rotating Earth is called wind. There are surface winds and “planetary winds aloft”, the latter of which is part of the Earth’s general circulation of air up in the troposphere. The uneven distribution of pressure is what causes air motion; air moves from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure, in its attempt to achieve equilibrium. This pressure gradient is the driving force behind winds.

Circulation Cells

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Coriolis Force

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Prevailing Westerlies

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Jet Stream

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Ocean Currents

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