The Atmosphere

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The atmosphere is the gaseous area –the whole mass of aeriform fluid- that surrounds the planet, which controls the climate and ultimately determines the quality of life on Earth.

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The atmosphere is made of: oxygen ozone water vapor nitrogen noble gases visible and non visible solid particles Oxygen and nitrogen constitute about 99 percent of it. Water vapor in humid regions can occupy up to 3% [...]

Depth and Structure

The atmosphere is structured in five concentric spherical thermal layers or "-spheres", separated by narrow transition zones or "-pauses-". The upper boundary at which gases merge into space lies at [...]

Absorption and Reflection

Absorption and reflection are two of the processes that occur to solar radiation as it passes through the atmosphere; solar radiation is modified due to its interaction with gases and [...]